Multis Improve Heart Health
Saturday, May 1st 2004
Multi Vitamin supplements with antioxidant properties have beneficial effects on homocysteine (high levels of which are a possible risk factor for heart disease) and LDL oxidation measures, according to researchers at The Cooper Institute. Their placebo-controlled study was published in the October issue of the Journal of the American College of Nutrition (22, 5:400-7, 2003)
Researchers originally conducted an open-label pilot trial of a multivitamin formula and found it improved homocysteine concentrations and LDL cholesterol oxidation after 24 weeks. To further investigate their findings, researchers used the same formula and randomly assigned 182 subjects to take the vitamin or placebo for six months.
After the study period, researchers saw increases in plasma concentrations of vitamin B6, B12, Folate, Vitamin E and Beta-Carotene. In addition, homocysteine levels and LDL cholesterol oxidation rates were also reduced in subjects taking the supplement compared to those taking placebo.
A Multivitamin a Day Keeps the Doctor's Bill at Bay
A new report indicated daily multivitamin use by older adults could be an inexpensive way to safeguard health. In particular, adults over 65 taking a multivitamin might be able to avoid hospitalization associated with conditions such as pneumonia and urinary tract infections, in addition to fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction.
The Lewin Group based A Study of the Cost Effects of Daily Multivitamins for Older Adults on research already in the public eye, such as an article published in The Journal of the American Medical Association (287, 23:3127-9, 2002) The journal authors, Robert H. Fletcher, M.D., MSc, and Kathleen M. Fairfield, M.D., Dr P H, wrote, "Suboptimal intake of some vitamins, above levels causing classic vitamin deficiency, is a risk factor for chronic diseases and common in the general population, especially the elderly."
Fletcher and Fairfield also stated having low levels of folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12 is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, neural tube defects, and colon and breast cancers. In addition, low levels of vitamin D contribute to osteopenia and fractures, while low levels of vitamins A, C and E may increase the risk of several chronic diseases.
The Lewin Group found, in particular, that a multivitamin might best help cardiovascular health and immune function. The study's findings also indicated a significant number of older adults do not consume the appropriate amounts or types of food necessary to meet essential energy and nutrient needs.
"From the perspective of a payer, the encouragement of the daily use of a multivitamin could be cost beneficial. Within a health insurance context, the five-year estimate of potential net savings resulting from daily multivitamin intake for adults over 65 is approximately US$1.6 billion [in US Medicare savings]."
Reproduced unabridged from the April - June 2004 issue of Health and Herbal News, with the kind permission of Health and Herbs International Ltd.
Footnote from Ideal Health:
The following products are all useful for Cardiovascular Health :
Fish Oil 1500 Odourless
Hi-Strength Co Enzyme Q10 150mg
Heart Health Pack
Multi for Men
Multi for Women
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If you need help or advice, you are welcome to email our naturopathic team with your health question.
Disclaimer: The health information presented here has been written for the New Zealand health consumer. It is of a general nature and is only intended to provide a summary of the subjects covered. The information is not intended to be comprehensive or to provide medical advice to you. While all care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information, no responsibility or liability is accepted, and no person should act in reliance on any statement contained in the information provided. All health ailments should be treated by a qualified health professional.
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